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DIY Shed Building: A Simple Guide DIY Shed Building: A Simple Guide

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DIY Shed Building: A Simple Guide

Written by: Harper Martinez

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Caegan Moore
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Reviewed by
Caegan Moore

Content Creator specializing in woodworking and interior transformations. Caegan's guides motivate readers to undertake their own projects, while his custom furniture adds a personal touch.

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Learn how to build your own shed with our simple DIY guide. Get expert tips and ideas for your next crafting project. Perfect for DIY & Crafts enthusiasts!

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Welcome to the world of DIY shed building! Whether you're a seasoned DIY enthusiast or just starting out, embarking on a shed-building project can be an immensely rewarding experience. Not only does it provide practical storage space for your tools, equipment, and outdoor gear, but it also offers a canvas for expressing your creativity and craftsmanship.

Building your own shed allows you to tailor the design to perfectly suit your needs and aesthetic preferences. From the initial planning stages to the final coat of paint, every step offers an opportunity to showcase your skills and create a structure that seamlessly integrates with your outdoor space.

In this comprehensive guide, we'll walk you through the entire process of building a shed from the ground up. You'll learn how to select the ideal location, design a functional and visually appealing shed, gather the necessary materials and tools, and execute each construction phase with precision and care.

Whether you're envisioning a quaint garden shed for potting plants or a spacious workshop for your DIY projects, this guide will equip you with the knowledge and confidence to bring your vision to life. So, roll up your sleeves, grab your tool belt, and let's dive into the exciting world of DIY shed building!


Planning and Preparation

Before diving into the physical construction of your shed, thorough planning and preparation are essential for a successful and efficient building process. This phase sets the foundation for the entire project and ensures that you have a clear roadmap to follow. Here's a detailed breakdown of the key steps involved in the planning and preparation stage:

  1. Assessing Your Needs: Begin by assessing your specific requirements for the shed. Consider the intended use of the space, the items you plan to store, and any additional functionalities you may want to incorporate, such as workbenches or shelving units. This assessment will help you determine the size, layout, and features of the shed.

  2. Checking Local Regulations: Before proceeding, it's crucial to check with your local building authorities to understand any zoning regulations, building codes, or permit requirements that may apply to your shed project. Compliance with these regulations is essential to avoid potential legal issues in the future.

  3. Setting a Budget: Establish a realistic budget for your shed project, taking into account the cost of materials, tools, and any professional assistance you may require. Factor in potential unexpected expenses to ensure that you're financially prepared for the entire construction process.

  4. Creating a Design Plan: With your needs in mind, create a detailed design plan for your shed. Consider aspects such as the shed's layout, window and door placements, roof style, and any custom features you wish to incorporate. You can sketch the design on paper or use digital design tools to visualize the final structure.

  5. Gathering Essential Tools: Take inventory of the tools you'll need for the construction process. Basic tools such as a hammer, tape measure, level, saw, and drill are essential, while more specialized tools may be required based on your shed design and construction methods.

  6. Selecting Suitable Materials: Research and select high-quality materials that align with your design plan and budget. Consider the durability, weather resistance, and aesthetic appeal of the materials, ensuring that they are suitable for the intended purpose of the shed.

  7. Establishing a Timeline: Set a realistic timeline for the construction process, taking into account your availability, weather conditions, and any potential assistance from friends or family members. Having a clear timeline will help you stay organized and focused throughout the project.

By meticulously addressing these aspects during the planning and preparation stage, you'll lay a solid groundwork for the subsequent phases of shed construction. This thoughtful approach will contribute to a smoother building process and a finished shed that meets your functional and aesthetic expectations.


Choosing the Right Location

Selecting the optimal location for your shed is a critical decision that significantly impacts its functionality, longevity, and overall aesthetic appeal. The right location not only enhances the practicality of the shed but also integrates it seamlessly into your outdoor space. Here's a detailed exploration of the key considerations when choosing the right location for your DIY shed:

Assessing Accessibility and Convenience

The first factor to consider is the accessibility of the location. Ensure that the shed is easily accessible from your home or other relevant areas, such as the garden or driveway. This accessibility will facilitate the effortless retrieval and storage of items, making the shed a practical and convenient storage solution.

Evaluating Sunlight and Shade

Take note of the sunlight and shade patterns in your yard throughout the day. Ideally, the shed should be situated in an area that receives ample natural light while also offering some degree of shade. This balance is crucial for preserving the items stored in the shed and creating a comfortable environment for any activities conducted inside.

Considering Drainage and Ground Stability

Assess the ground conditions in potential locations to ensure adequate drainage and stability. Avoid low-lying areas that are prone to water accumulation, as this can lead to moisture-related issues within the shed. Additionally, choose a level and stable ground to provide a solid foundation for the shed's construction.

Harmonizing with Landscape and Property Boundaries

Integrate the shed harmoniously into your landscape while adhering to property boundaries and local regulations. Consider how the shed will complement the existing features of your outdoor space, such as trees, flower beds, and pathways. Furthermore, ensure that the chosen location complies with setback requirements and does not encroach on neighboring properties.

Future Landscaping and Expansion

Anticipate any future landscaping plans or potential expansion of your outdoor space. Select a location that allows for flexibility in the layout and design of your yard, accommodating future additions or modifications without compromising the functionality or visual coherence of the shed.

By carefully evaluating these factors and selecting a location that aligns with your specific needs and long-term vision, you'll lay a solid foundation for the construction and enjoyment of your DIY shed. The chosen location will not only enhance the practicality and visual appeal of the shed but also contribute to a seamless integration with your outdoor environment.


Designing Your Shed

Designing your shed is an exciting phase that allows you to unleash your creativity and tailor the structure to perfectly align with your functional needs and aesthetic preferences. Whether you envision a charming garden retreat, a versatile storage space, or a dedicated workshop, the design process sets the stage for bringing your vision to life. Here's a comprehensive exploration of the key aspects involved in designing your DIY shed:

Defining the Purpose and Functionality

Begin by clearly defining the primary purpose of your shed and the specific functionalities it will serve. Will it primarily function as a storage space for garden tools and equipment? Or do you intend to use it as a workshop for DIY projects? Understanding the core purpose will guide the design process and help determine the layout, size, and interior features of the shed.

Determining the Size and Layout

Consider the spatial requirements based on the intended use of the shed. Evaluate the items you plan to store or the activities you aim to conduct within the space. This assessment will inform the overall size and layout of the shed, ensuring that it provides ample room for your needs without overwhelming your outdoor space.

Selecting a Roof Style

The roof style not only contributes to the shed's visual appeal but also plays a crucial role in weather protection and interior space utilization. Explore various roof styles, such as gable, gambrel, or skillion, and choose one that complements the overall design while effectively shedding water and snow.

Incorporating Windows and Ventilation

Natural light and proper ventilation are essential for creating a comfortable and functional interior space. Strategically place windows to maximize natural light while considering cross-ventilation for air circulation. These elements not only enhance the usability of the shed but also contribute to a pleasant environment for various activities.

Customizing the Exterior and Finishing Touches

Infuse your personal style into the exterior design by selecting siding materials, colors, and trim details that harmonize with your outdoor aesthetic. Additionally, consider adding decorative elements such as flower boxes, shutters, or architectural accents to elevate the visual appeal of the shed.

Adhering to Building Codes and Regulations

Ensure that your shed design complies with local building codes and regulations. This includes considerations for setbacks, maximum height restrictions, and any specific requirements related to accessory structures on your property.

By meticulously addressing these design considerations, you'll craft a shed that seamlessly integrates functionality, visual appeal, and compliance with regulatory standards. The design phase serves as the blueprint for the subsequent construction steps, laying the groundwork for a well-planned and purposeful DIY shed.


Gathering Materials and Tools

Gathering the necessary materials and tools is a pivotal step in preparing for the construction of your DIY shed. This phase requires careful consideration of the quality, durability, and suitability of the materials, as well as the acquisition of essential tools to facilitate the building process. Here's a detailed exploration of the key components involved in gathering materials and tools for your shed project:

Researching and Selecting Materials

Begin by researching the various materials required for the construction of your shed. Common materials include lumber for framing, plywood for sheathing, roofing materials, siding, fasteners, and concrete for the foundation. Consider factors such as weather resistance, durability, and cost-effectiveness when selecting materials. Opt for high-quality, pressure-treated lumber to ensure longevity and resistance to decay, especially for structural components.

Calculating Quantities

Accurately calculate the quantities of materials needed based on your shed design and dimensions. This includes determining the number of framing studs, sheets of plywood, roofing shingles, and siding panels required for the project. Overestimating the quantities to account for waste and potential errors during construction is advisable to avoid interruptions due to material shortages.

Acquiring Essential Tools

Compile a comprehensive list of tools required for the construction process. Basic hand tools such as a hammer, tape measure, level, circular saw, and screwdrivers are essential for various tasks. Additionally, power tools such as a drill, nail gun, and saws will expedite the construction process and ensure precision in cutting and fastening materials.

Exploring Options for Prefabricated Components

Consider utilizing prefabricated components such as trusses, pre-hung doors, and windows to streamline the construction process. Prefabricated components can save time and effort, especially for complex elements such as roof trusses and custom-sized doors and windows. Evaluate the cost and feasibility of incorporating prefabricated components based on your shed design and budget.

Sourcing Materials and Tools

Once you have finalized the list of required materials and tools, explore various sourcing options. Local lumberyards, home improvement stores, and online suppliers are common sources for purchasing construction materials. Compare prices, availability, and delivery options to secure the necessary materials and tools within your budget and timeline.

By meticulously gathering the required materials and tools, you'll set the stage for a smooth and efficient construction process. This proactive approach ensures that you have everything needed to execute each phase of the shed building project with precision and confidence. With the materials and tools in hand, you're ready to embark on the exciting journey of bringing your DIY shed to life.


Building the Foundation

The foundation serves as the anchor of your shed, providing stability and structural integrity to support the entire building. Building a solid foundation is crucial for ensuring the longevity and resilience of your DIY shed. Here's a detailed exploration of the essential steps involved in constructing a robust foundation for your shed:

Site Preparation

Begin by preparing the site for the foundation. Clear the area of any debris, vegetation, or obstacles that may hinder the construction process. Use a shovel and a level to ensure that the ground is level and free of any unevenness or obstructions. Proper site preparation sets the stage for a stable and durable foundation.

Selecting Foundation Type

Evaluate the available foundation options based on your shed design, local building codes, and soil conditions. Common foundation types for sheds include concrete slab, concrete piers, and skids. Each type offers distinct advantages in terms of cost, durability, and ease of construction. Select the foundation type that best aligns with your specific requirements and the characteristics of your site.

Excavation and Formwork

If you opt for a concrete foundation, commence the excavation process to create a level and adequately sized trench for the foundation. Construct formwork using wooden boards to outline the dimensions of the foundation. Ensure that the formwork is precisely aligned and leveled to facilitate the pouring of concrete.

Pouring Concrete

Once the formwork is in place, it's time to pour the concrete for the foundation. Prepare the concrete mix according to the recommended proportions, ensuring proper consistency and strength. Carefully pour the concrete into the formwork, using a screed to level the surface and remove any air pockets. Allow the concrete to cure and gain strength as per the manufacturer's guidelines.

Installing Piers or Skids

For alternative foundation types such as concrete piers or skids, follow the specific installation guidelines. Position the piers at designated intervals to support the shed's structure, ensuring uniform spacing and alignment. If using skids, place pressure-treated beams on compacted gravel or concrete blocks to create a stable base for the shed.

Verifying Levelness and Alignment

Once the foundation is in place, verify the levelness and alignment using a spirit level and measuring tools. Accurate leveling is essential to ensure that the shed's framing and superstructure rest on a stable and even foundation, minimizing the risk of structural issues in the future.

By meticulously executing the foundation construction process, you'll establish a solid base for the subsequent phases of shed building. A well-built foundation not only enhances the structural integrity of the shed but also contributes to its long-term resilience and stability, ensuring that your DIY creation stands the test of time.


Constructing the Frame

Constructing the frame of your DIY shed marks a pivotal phase in the building process, laying the structural groundwork for the entire edifice. This phase involves precision, attention to detail, and adherence to the design plan to ensure a sturdy and resilient framework. Here's a comprehensive exploration of the essential steps involved in constructing the frame of your shed:

Laying Out the Foundation

Before commencing the framing process, verify that the foundation is fully cured and ready to support the weight of the shed's structure. Ensure that the foundation is level and free of any obstructions that may impede the framing process. The accuracy and stability of the foundation directly influence the alignment and stability of the frame.

Measuring and Cutting Lumber

Accurately measure and cut the lumber according to the dimensions specified in your shed design plan. Use a reliable measuring tape and a quality circular saw to achieve precise cuts. Pay careful attention to the angles and lengths of the framing members, including studs, headers, and joists, to ensure that they align with the design specifications.

Assembling Wall Frames

Begin by assembling the wall frames on a level surface, following the layout outlined in your shed design plan. Secure the framing members together using appropriate fasteners, such as nails or screws, ensuring that the corners are square and the frame is structurally sound. Incorporate openings for doors and windows as per the design requirements, allowing for proper clearance and support.

Erecting Wall Frames

With the wall frames assembled, carefully lift and position them onto the foundation, aligning them according to the designated layout. Use temporary bracing to stabilize the frames and ensure that they remain plumb and square. Secure the frames to the foundation using anchor bolts or other recommended fastening methods, anchoring them securely for added stability.

Installing Roof Trusses or Rafters

If your shed design incorporates a pitched roof, proceed to install the roof trusses or rafters atop the erected wall frames. Ensure that the trusses are aligned and spaced according to the design specifications, providing adequate support for the roof structure. Secure the trusses in place, ensuring that they are properly braced and aligned to support the roof load effectively.

Verifying Alignment and Bracing

Throughout the framing process, consistently verify the alignment, plumbness, and bracing of the frame components. Utilize a spirit level and measuring tools to confirm that the frame is structurally sound and accurately aligned. Implement additional bracing as needed to reinforce the frame and prevent any potential shifting or misalignment.

By meticulously executing the frame construction process, you'll establish a robust and precisely engineered framework for your shed. The frame serves as the structural backbone, setting the stage for the subsequent phases of siding, roofing, and interior finishing. With the frame in place, your DIY shed will begin to take shape, embodying the vision and craftsmanship that define your unique building endeavor.


Adding Siding and Roofing

Once the frame of your DIY shed is in place, the next crucial phase involves adding siding to enclose the walls and installing roofing to provide weather protection and structural integrity. This transformative stage brings your shed one step closer to its final form, enhancing both its visual appeal and functional durability.

Siding Installation

The siding serves as the protective skin of the shed, shielding the interior from the elements while contributing to its aesthetic charm. The following steps outline the process of adding siding to your shed:

  1. Selecting Siding Materials: Choose siding materials that align with your design preferences and provide adequate weather resistance. Common options include wood, vinyl, metal, or composite siding. Consider factors such as durability, maintenance requirements, and visual appeal when making your selection.

  2. Measuring and Cutting: Accurately measure and cut the siding panels to fit the dimensions of the shed walls. Use a circular saw or specialized cutting tools to achieve clean and precise cuts, ensuring that the panels align seamlessly with the frame and openings for doors and windows.

  3. Securing the Siding: Begin attaching the siding panels to the frame, starting from the bottom and working your way up. Use appropriate fasteners, such as nails or screws, to secure the panels at designated intervals. Ensure that the panels are level and properly aligned, maintaining consistent spacing between each panel for a uniform and professional finish.

  4. Addressing Corners and Trim: Pay special attention to the corners and trim details, ensuring that they are neatly finished and provide a seamless transition between siding panels. Install corner trim pieces and window/door trim to enhance the visual appeal and weatherproofing of the shed.

Roofing Installation

The roofing of your shed plays a critical role in protecting the interior from rain, snow, and other environmental elements. Here's a breakdown of the essential steps involved in installing roofing for your shed:

  1. Selecting Roofing Materials: Choose roofing materials that offer reliable weather protection and complement the overall design of the shed. Common options include asphalt shingles, metal roofing, or corrugated panels. Consider factors such as durability, aesthetics, and compatibility with the shed's architectural style.

  2. Preparing the Roof Surface: Ensure that the roof surface is clean, smooth, and free of any debris or protrusions. Install appropriate underlayment or roofing felt to provide an additional layer of protection against moisture and ensure a watertight seal.

  3. Laying the Roofing Material: Begin laying the roofing material according to the manufacturer's guidelines and the specific requirements of your shed design. Whether installing shingles, metal panels, or other roofing components, follow a systematic pattern to ensure proper overlap and secure attachment.

  4. Addressing Roofing Details: Pay attention to roofing details such as ridge caps, flashing, and edge trim to provide a finished and weather-resistant roof structure. Properly secure the roofing material at the edges and transitions to prevent water infiltration and ensure long-term durability.

By meticulously executing the siding and roofing installation, you'll enhance the functionality and visual appeal of your DIY shed, bringing it one step closer to completion. The carefully selected siding and roofing materials, combined with precise installation techniques, will contribute to a resilient and aesthetically pleasing structure that embodies your craftsmanship and attention to detail.


Installing Doors and Windows

The installation of doors and windows in your DIY shed marks a significant milestone, as it not only enhances the functionality and accessibility of the structure but also contributes to its visual appeal and interior comfort. This phase requires precision, attention to detail, and adherence to proper installation techniques to ensure that the doors and windows are seamlessly integrated into the shed's design. Here's a detailed exploration of the essential steps involved in installing doors and windows for your shed:

Preparing Openings

Before installing doors and windows, carefully prepare the openings in the shed's walls to accommodate these fixtures. Ensure that the openings are accurately sized according to the dimensions specified in your shed design plan. Use a level and measuring tools to confirm that the openings are square and properly aligned, providing a solid foundation for the installation process.

Selecting Doors and Windows

Choose doors and windows that align with your design preferences, functional requirements, and weather resistance. Consider factors such as material durability, energy efficiency, and architectural style to ensure that the selected fixtures complement the overall aesthetic of the shed while providing reliable performance in various weather conditions.

Installing Doors

Begin by installing the door frame into the prepared opening, ensuring that it is plumb and securely anchored to the surrounding structure. Carefully position the door within the frame, verifying that it operates smoothly and aligns properly with the frame. Secure the door in place using appropriate hinges and fasteners, ensuring that it opens and closes seamlessly while providing a weathertight seal.

Adding Windows

For window installation, carefully position the window frame within the prepared opening, ensuring that it is level and securely anchored. Insert the window sashes into the frame, verifying that they operate smoothly and provide a snug fit. Seal the perimeter of the window frame with weather-resistant caulking to prevent air and water infiltration, ensuring a tight and secure installation.

Addressing Weatherproofing

Implement proper weatherproofing measures around the installed doors and windows to prevent moisture intrusion and air leaks. Apply weatherstripping to the door frame to create a tight seal when the door is closed, minimizing heat loss and drafts. Similarly, apply exterior caulking around the window frames to seal any gaps and create a barrier against water and air infiltration.

Verifying Operation and Sealing

After installing the doors and windows, thoroughly test their operation to ensure that they open, close, and lock smoothly. Verify that the weatherstripping and caulking provide effective seals, preventing drafts and moisture penetration. Address any issues related to fit, operation, or sealing to ensure that the doors and windows function optimally and contribute to the overall comfort and efficiency of the shed.

By meticulously executing the installation of doors and windows, you'll enhance the functionality, aesthetics, and weather resistance of your DIY shed, creating a welcoming and well-protected interior space. The carefully selected fixtures, combined with precise installation techniques, will contribute to a seamless integration of doors and windows into the shed's design, reflecting your attention to detail and commitment to creating a high-quality structure.


Finishing Touches and Maintenance

As the construction of your DIY shed nears completion, attention turns to the finishing touches that elevate the overall appearance and functionality of the structure. Additionally, implementing a maintenance plan ensures that your shed remains in optimal condition for years to come. Here's a detailed exploration of the essential aspects related to finishing touches and ongoing maintenance:

Exterior Finishes

Applying exterior finishes such as paint, stain, or sealant not only enhances the visual appeal of your shed but also provides crucial protection against the elements. Choose high-quality exterior finishes designed to withstand varying weather conditions, UV exposure, and moisture. Prior to application, ensure that the exterior surfaces are clean, dry, and free of any debris. Apply the finishes according to the manufacturer's recommendations, ensuring thorough coverage and even application to safeguard the exterior against premature deterioration.

Interior Organization and Storage Solutions

Optimizing the interior space of your shed involves implementing effective organization and storage solutions. Consider installing shelves, pegboards, or wall-mounted storage systems to maximize the use of vertical space and keep tools and equipment neatly organized. Customizing the interior layout to accommodate specific storage needs enhances the functionality of the shed, making it a practical and efficient workspace.

Landscaping and Integration

Integrate the shed seamlessly into your outdoor landscape by incorporating landscaping elements such as pathways, flower beds, or decorative planters around the structure. Thoughtful landscaping enhances the visual cohesion between the shed and its surroundings, creating an inviting and harmonious outdoor environment. Additionally, consider adding exterior lighting to illuminate the shed's exterior and enhance its accessibility and security during evening hours.

Regular Maintenance Practices

Establishing a regular maintenance routine is essential for preserving the integrity and longevity of your DIY shed. Perform routine inspections to identify any signs of wear, damage, or potential issues such as water infiltration or pest activity. Address any maintenance needs promptly, including repairing damaged siding, resealing joints and seams, and replacing worn or damaged roofing materials. Additionally, consider applying a fresh coat of exterior finish periodically to maintain the shed's aesthetic appeal and protective properties.

Seasonal Considerations

Adapt your maintenance practices to seasonal changes, addressing specific challenges that may arise due to varying weather conditions. In colder climates, take measures to protect the shed from snow accumulation and ice formation, while in warmer climates, focus on mitigating heat-related issues such as UV exposure and moisture retention. Seasonal maintenance ensures that your shed remains resilient and functional throughout the year, adapting to environmental fluctuations.

By attending to these finishing touches and implementing a proactive maintenance plan, you'll ensure that your DIY shed not only stands as a testament to your craftsmanship and creativity but also serves as a reliable and enduring asset in your outdoor space. The combination of thoughtful finishes, efficient organization, and diligent maintenance contributes to a shed that remains both visually appealing and structurally sound for years to come.



Congratulations on completing the construction of your DIY shed! This journey has been a testament to your dedication, creativity, and craftsmanship, culminating in the transformation of raw materials into a functional and visually appealing structure. As you stand back and admire the fruits of your labor, it's essential to reflect on the significance of this achievement and the impact it has on your outdoor space and personal fulfillment.

Your DIY shed represents more than just a storage or workspace; it embodies your vision, ingenuity, and the joy of hands-on creation. It stands as a tangible manifestation of your ability to plan, build, and bring to life a structure that seamlessly integrates with your lifestyle and surroundings. The process of designing, gathering materials, and constructing each component has not only honed your practical skills but also fostered a deep sense of accomplishment and pride in your abilities.

Beyond its physical presence, your shed serves as a hub of potential, offering a dedicated space for pursuing hobbies, organizing tools, or simply retreating into a tranquil sanctuary. Its impact extends to the enhancement of your outdoor landscape, harmonizing with the natural elements and contributing to the overall aesthetic appeal of your property. The shed becomes a focal point, inviting creativity and productivity while enriching the ambiance of your outdoor environment.

As you embark on this new chapter with your completed shed, it's important to embrace a mindset of ongoing care and utilization. Regular maintenance, thoughtful organization, and occasional refinements will ensure that your shed remains a resilient and cherished asset for years to come. Embrace the opportunity to personalize the interior, optimize storage solutions, and integrate the shed seamlessly into your outdoor landscape, creating a space that reflects your evolving needs and aspirations.

Above all, the completion of your DIY shed signifies the power of vision and execution, demonstrating that with determination and resourcefulness, you can bring your ideas to fruition. It stands as a testament to the joy of creation and the satisfaction of building something with your own hands. As you embark on future projects and endeavors, may the experience of constructing your DIY shed serve as a source of inspiration and empowerment, reminding you of the boundless potential within your reach.

With your DIY shed standing proudly in your outdoor space, you have not only built a structure but also cultivated a sense of accomplishment, creativity, and resilience that will continue to enrich your life for years to come. Cheers to your DIY success and the enduring legacy of your craftsmanship!

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