Home>Create & Decorate>DIY & Crafts>How To Make A Cat Enclosure

How To Make A Cat Enclosure How To Make A Cat Enclosure

DIY & Crafts

How To Make A Cat Enclosure

Written by: Evelyn Wilson

Reviewed by:

Caegan Moore
User Avatar
Reviewed by
Caegan Moore

Content Creator specializing in woodworking and interior transformations. Caegan's guides motivate readers to undertake their own projects, while his custom furniture adds a personal touch.

Learn more about Editorial Team

Learn how to create a DIY cat enclosure with our step-by-step guide. Explore fun and creative crafts for your feline friend. Start your project today!

(Many of the links in this article redirect to a specific reviewed product. Your purchase of these products through affiliate links helps to generate commission for Twigandthistle.com, at no extra cost. Learn more)


So, you've got a furry feline friend who loves to explore the great outdoors, but you're worried about their safety. Making a cat enclosure is the purr-fect solution! This enclosed space allows your cat to enjoy the fresh air and sunshine while keeping them safe from potential dangers like traffic, predators, and getting lost. In this guide, we'll walk you through the steps to create a secure and stimulating outdoor space for your beloved pet. Let's get started on this pawsome project!


Planning and Designing Your Cat Enclosure

When it comes to creating a cat enclosure, the first step is to plan and design the layout. Consider the available space in your yard or patio and the specific needs of your cat. Here are some key points to consider:

  1. Location, Location, Location: Choose a suitable location for the enclosure. It should be an area that receives a good amount of sunlight and provides some shade for those hot summer days.

  2. Size Matters: Determine the size of the enclosure based on the number of cats and their activity levels. Cats love to climb, run, and explore, so a larger space allows for more enrichment opportunities.

  3. Safety First: Ensure that the area is secure and escape-proof. Check for any potential hazards or escape routes, and plan the layout accordingly.

  4. Enrichment Features: Think about adding features like shelves, perches, scratching posts, and hiding spots to keep your cat entertained and engaged.

  5. Aesthetic Appeal: Consider the aesthetic appeal of the enclosure. You may want to incorporate it into your existing outdoor space or landscape.

By carefully planning and designing your cat enclosure, you can create a safe and enjoyable outdoor environment for your feline friend.


Choosing the Right Materials

When it comes to building a cat enclosure, choosing the right materials is crucial for creating a safe and durable outdoor space for your cat. Here are some key considerations when selecting materials for your cat enclosure:

  1. Wood: Opt for untreated or pet-safe treated wood for the frame and structure of the enclosure. Cedar and redwood are popular choices due to their natural resistance to decay and insects.

  2. Mesh: Select a durable and escape-proof mesh for the walls and roof of the enclosure. Look for a mesh specifically designed for pet enclosures, as it should be strong enough to withstand scratching and climbing.

  3. Fasteners: Use rust-resistant screws, nails, and hardware to assemble the enclosure. Stainless steel or galvanized hardware is ideal for outdoor use, as it can withstand the elements.

  4. Roofing Materials: If you're adding a roof or canopy to the enclosure, consider using UV-resistant polycarbonate panels or outdoor fabric to provide protection from the sun and rain.

  5. Enrichment Accessories: When choosing materials for enrichment accessories like shelves, perches, and scratching posts, opt for sturdy and pet-safe materials such as sisal rope, carpet, or pet-friendly wood.

By selecting high-quality and pet-safe materials, you can ensure that your cat enclosure is not only secure and durable but also provides a comfortable and stimulating outdoor environment for your feline companion.


Building the Frame

The frame serves as the foundation of your cat enclosure, providing structural support and stability. Here's a step-by-step guide to building the frame for your cat enclosure:

  1. Measure and Cut the Wood: Start by measuring and cutting the wood to the desired dimensions for the frame. Use a saw to cut the pieces to the appropriate lengths, ensuring that they fit together securely.

  2. Assemble the Base: Begin by assembling the base of the frame, laying out the pieces of wood according to your design plan. Use wood screws or nails to secure the pieces together, creating a sturdy base for the enclosure.

  3. Build the Vertical Supports: Once the base is in place, attach the vertical supports to the corners of the base. These supports will provide the height and structure for the walls of the enclosure. Make sure they are securely fastened to the base to ensure stability.

  4. Add Horizontal Supports: To further reinforce the frame, add horizontal supports between the vertical posts. This will help distribute the weight of the enclosure and provide additional stability.

  5. Check for Stability: Once the frame is assembled, check for stability and make any necessary adjustments. The frame should be secure and level to ensure a solid foundation for the rest of the enclosure.

By following these steps, you can build a strong and stable frame for your cat enclosure, setting the stage for the next phases of construction.


Adding Mesh and Doors

After constructing the frame, the next step is to add the mesh walls and doors to enclose the space and provide easy access for your cat. Here's how to add the mesh and doors to your cat enclosure:

  1. Measure and Cut the Mesh: Start by measuring the dimensions of the walls and doors of the enclosure. Use wire cutters to cut the mesh to the appropriate sizes, ensuring that it fits snugly within the frame.

  2. Secure the Mesh to the Frame: Use a staple gun or heavy-duty staples to secure the mesh to the frame. Begin by attaching the mesh to one corner of the frame and work your way around, pulling the mesh taut as you go. Make sure the mesh is securely fastened to prevent any gaps or loose edges.

  3. Install the Doors: If your enclosure includes a door for easy access, measure and cut the mesh to fit the door frame. Attach hinges to one side of the door frame and then secure the mesh to the door. Install a latch or lock to ensure the door stays closed and your cat remains safely inside.

  4. Consider Cat Flaps: If you want to give your cat the freedom to come and go as they please, consider adding a cat flap to the door. This allows your cat to move between the indoor and outdoor spaces of the enclosure without needing human assistance.

  5. Inspect for Safety: Once the mesh and doors are in place, inspect the entire enclosure for any sharp edges or potential hazards. Ensure that the mesh is securely attached and that the doors open and close smoothly.

By following these steps, you can effectively enclose the space with durable and secure mesh walls and doors, providing a safe and accessible outdoor environment for your cat.


Creating a Roof or Canopy

Creating a roof or canopy for your cat enclosure is essential to provide protection from the elements and ensure your feline friend can enjoy the outdoor space in comfort. Here's a detailed guide on how to create a roof or canopy for your cat enclosure:

  1. Measure the Dimensions: Start by measuring the dimensions of the top of the enclosure to determine the size of the roof or canopy. Consider the angle of the roof to allow for proper water drainage and to prevent debris from accumulating.

  2. Select Roofing Materials: Choose suitable roofing materials that provide both shelter and durability. Options include UV-resistant polycarbonate panels, outdoor fabric, or even pet-safe artificial turf for a natural and aesthetic appeal.

  3. Frame the Roof Structure: Construct a frame for the roof using sturdy and weather-resistant materials such as treated wood or PVC piping. Ensure that the frame is securely attached to the top of the enclosure, providing a stable base for the roofing materials.

  4. Install the Roofing Materials: If using polycarbonate panels, secure them to the frame using appropriate fasteners, ensuring a snug fit and proper overlap to prevent water leakage. If using outdoor fabric, create a taut and weatherproof canopy that provides shade and protection from rain.

  5. Consider Ventilation: If the enclosure is located in a sunny area, consider incorporating ventilation into the roof design to prevent overheating. This can be achieved through the use of vents or by leaving gaps between the roofing materials for air circulation.

  6. Add Finishing Touches: Once the roofing materials are in place, inspect the roof or canopy for any sharp edges or potential hazards. Ensure that the materials are securely attached and that the roof provides adequate protection from the sun, rain, and other outdoor elements.

By following these steps, you can create a functional and weather-resistant roof or canopy for your cat enclosure, allowing your furry companion to enjoy the outdoor space in safety and comfort.


Adding Enrichment and Accessories

Enhancing your cat enclosure with enrichment features and accessories is essential for providing a stimulating and engaging outdoor environment for your feline friend. Here's a comprehensive guide on adding enrichment and accessories to your cat enclosure:

  1. Shelves and Perches: Install sturdy shelves and perches at varying heights within the enclosure to create vertical space for your cat to climb, jump, and perch. These elevated spots provide opportunities for your cat to observe their surroundings and satisfy their natural instinct to be up high.

  2. Scratching Posts: Incorporate scratching posts made of sisal rope or other cat-friendly materials to satisfy your cat's natural urge to scratch and maintain their claws. Place the scratching posts strategically throughout the enclosure to encourage healthy scratching behavior.

  3. Hiding Spots: Create cozy hiding spots using cat-friendly shelters, boxes, or tunnels within the enclosure. These hiding spots offer your cat a sense of security and privacy while also providing a place to retreat and relax.

  4. Toys and Interactive Elements: Introduce interactive toys, puzzle feeders, and other stimulating elements to keep your cat mentally and physically active while in the enclosure. Consider rotating the toys regularly to prevent boredom and maintain your cat's interest.

  5. Plants and Greenery: If your cat enclosure allows for it, consider adding pet-safe plants and greenery to create a natural and enriching environment. Cat-friendly plants such as catnip, cat grass, and spider plants can provide sensory stimulation and a connection to the outdoors.

  6. Climbing Structures: Incorporate cat-friendly climbing structures such as cat trees, platforms, and ladders to encourage physical activity and exercise. These structures offer opportunities for your cat to explore, climb, and play within the enclosure.

  7. Comfortable Resting Areas: Provide comfortable resting spots such as cozy beds, hammocks, or cushions within the enclosure. These areas allow your cat to relax and nap while enjoying the fresh air and outdoor surroundings.

By incorporating these enrichment features and accessories, you can create a dynamic and engaging outdoor space that promotes your cat's physical and mental well-being within the safety of the enclosure.


Maintenance and Upkeep

Once your cat enclosure is complete, it's essential to establish a regular maintenance routine to ensure the safety, cleanliness, and longevity of the outdoor space for your cat. Here's a detailed guide on the maintenance and upkeep of your cat enclosure:

  1. Inspect for Wear and Tear: Regularly inspect the entire enclosure for any signs of wear, damage, or loose components. Check the frame, mesh, doors, and roofing materials for any issues that may compromise the integrity of the enclosure.

  2. Repair and Replace: Promptly address any damaged or worn-out components by repairing or replacing them as needed. This includes securing loose mesh, reinforcing the frame, and replacing any damaged or weathered materials to maintain the structural stability of the enclosure.

  3. Cleaning and Sanitizing: Clean the enclosure regularly to remove debris, dirt, and potential sources of contamination. Use a pet-safe disinfectant to sanitize surfaces, shelves, and accessories within the enclosure to promote a clean and hygienic environment for your cat.

  4. Trim Vegetation: If your cat enclosure includes greenery or plants, ensure that they are properly maintained. Regularly trim and prune any vegetation within the enclosure to prevent overgrowth and maintain a safe and tidy outdoor space for your cat.

  5. Check for Pests: Periodically inspect the enclosure for signs of pests such as insects or rodents. Take measures to address any pest infestations promptly to safeguard the health and well-being of your cat.

  6. Weatherproofing: As seasons change, assess the enclosure's weatherproofing to ensure it provides adequate protection from rain, wind, and extreme temperatures. Make any necessary adjustments to the roofing, insulation, or sheltered areas to accommodate varying weather conditions.

  7. Monitor Enrichment Accessories: Regularly assess the condition of enrichment features, toys, and accessories within the enclosure. Replace or rotate toys as needed, inspect scratching posts for wear, and ensure that climbing structures remain secure and stable.

  8. Maintain Hygiene: Keep the litter box, if present in the enclosure, clean and odor-free. Regularly remove waste and replace litter to maintain a hygienic environment for your cat.

By incorporating these maintenance practices into your routine, you can ensure that your cat enclosure remains a safe, clean, and enjoyable outdoor space for your feline companion. Regular upkeep will help prolong the life of the enclosure and provide a secure and stimulating environment for your cat to explore and relax in.



In conclusion, creating a cat enclosure provides a safe and enriching outdoor space for your feline companion to enjoy. By carefully planning and designing the layout, selecting the right materials, and following the step-by-step construction process, you can build a secure and stimulating environment for your cat. Incorporating enrichment features, maintaining the enclosure, and ensuring regular upkeep are essential for promoting your cat's physical and mental well-being within the safety of the enclosure. With a well-designed and maintained cat enclosure, you can offer your cat the opportunity to experience the outdoors while providing peace of mind knowing they are protected from potential hazards. So, roll up your sleeves, grab your tools, and get ready to create a purr-fect outdoor haven for your beloved feline friend!

Was this page helpful?

Related Post